4 Types of Nose Surgery You Need to Know

“Today, rhinoplasty generally aims to improve the image and appearance of the face. There are various types, namely rhinoplasty, septoplasty, rhinoseptoplasty, and turbinate reduction. “Nose surgery is a procedure that aims to change the shape of the nose. The reason is not only to improve appearance, but also to help support respiratory function.

The nose consists of bone at the top and cartilage at the bottom. A rhinoplasty procedure will change bone, cartilage, skin or all three at once.

Types of nose surgery and their benefits

So far, most people are probably more familiar with rhinoplasty to improve the proportions of the nose and facial harmony. The operation is more popular with the name rhinoplasty.

However, there are also surgeries to correct external nose deformities, namely rhinoseptoplasty and other surgeries. So, here are the types of rhinoplasty you need to know:


This is surgery to improve the appearance of the nose. Reshaping the nose by changing the bones and cartilage of the nose to improve the aesthetic appearance.

There are several types of rhinoplasty, namely:

  • Reduction rhinoplasty

The main goal of this rhinoplasty is to reduce the size of the nose. The procedure sometimes reshapes the nasal passages. You do this by pairing cartilage.

  • Augmentation rhinoplasty

The aim of this type of surgery is to increase the proportions of the nose. The procedure is usually performed on people with noses that are too small due to genetics or injury.

The procedure involves building up the bridge of the nose with the help of tissue or bone grafts. If there is not enough tissue for the transplant, the doctor will use artificial materials or silicone.

For better results, patients not only need silicone, but also skin grafts. This step aims to prevent tearing of the skin at the tip of the nose, while providing a more natural finish.

  • Post-traumatic rhinoplasty

As the name suggests, this rhinoplasty procedure is for those who have experienced an injury or accident that has damaged the shape of their nose. There are various types of damage, such as broken bones, damaged cartilage, changes in the nose that are visible from the outside, deviated septum, and difficulty breathing.

  • Corrective rhinoplasty

Its other name is reconstructive rhinoplasty. This is a cosmetic procedure to correct a failure in the previous procedure. Its scope is reduction or augmentation surgery. This procedure is very complex, so the patient may have to undergo several types of operations.

2. Septoplasty

This is a deviated nasal septum correction surgery. The septum itself is a structure made of bone and cartilage in the middle of the nose. This section is the separator of the two nasal cavities.

When the septum deviates, this condition makes people experience nasal congestion. Disorders are generally triggered by injury or trauma to the nose and birth defects.

This condition can move to one side of the nose and significantly block the airflow into the nose. In a septoplasty, the surgeon removes extra pieces of bone or cartilage or simply moves the deviated septum into a suitable position.

Patients with cleft lips can also sometimes undergo this procedure if the condition bothers the nasal area.

3. Rhinoseptoplasty

This is a type of surgery on the external nose and nasal septum. Compared to other rhinoplasty, it is more complicated.

In addition, rhinoseptoplasty can be a combination of rhinoplasty and septoplasty. So, the procedure involves repairing a crooked septum and changing the appearance of the nose.

This medical procedure is recommended for people with nasal scoliosis, aquiline nose, saddle nose or nasal septum deviation.

4. Konka reduction

The turbinates are small bony structures inside the nose that help clean and moisten air that enters the nasal passages. Due to allergies, irritation or infection, these bony structures can swell and cause nasal congestion and mucus production.

This disorder can be overcome by performing koncha reduction surgery. The trick is to use the help of radio frequency which is transmitted through a device such as a needle in the nose, so that the konka can be reduced. This allows the patient to recover faster without pain.

Indications for Rhinoplasty

Various kinds of procedures above can be done if you have the following indications:

  • Has a large nose size.
  • Have large nostrils.
  • Have too small nostril size.
  • Want to change the shape of the base or tip of the nose.
  • Want to change the shape of the angle between the upper lip and nose.
  • Have a deformed nose due to an injury or deformity.
  • Have a disorder that causes difficulty breathing.

Although useful, rhinoplasty can not be done by some people with these conditions:

  • Have a mental disorder or instability.
  • Suffering from blood clotting disorders, one of which is hemophilia.
  • Had a nose job within the last year.
  • Have a thick nose skin. This condition can cause permanent swelling after surgery.
  • High risk of post-procedure complications.
  • Side Effects After Nose Surgery Procedure

Each method of surgery does have side effects afterwards, including:

  • Bleeding that causes difficulty breathing.
  • Pain and swelling that doesn't get better.
  • Infection in the procedure area.
  • Allergic reaction to the anesthetic.
  • Undesirable nose shape.
  • Incision scars that don't get better.
  • The nose and surrounding areas feel numb or numb.
  • implant protruding from the skin of the nose.

You need to get checked out if you experience complaints after a surgical procedure. Even at a mild intensity, getting the right treatment aims to prevent side effects from worsening.

Post-Nose Surgery Recovery Tips

Recovery tips aim to prevent bleeding and swelling, as well as speed up the recovery process:

  • Sleep with the head higher than the body.
  • Don't cough, laugh, and strain too much.
  • Avoid being exposed to water while bathing.
  • Don't do much.
  • Choose clothes that are suitable and easy for you to wear.
  • Brush your teeth slowly to minimize vibration from the toothbrush.
  • Do not wear glasses for four weeks after surgery.
  • Avoid activities in direct sunlight.
  • Don't compress your nose with ice cubes.
  • Limit salt intake to prevent swelling.

Before carrying out the operation, here are the things you need to know first: Note, This is Preparation before Doing Rhinoplasty.

Those are some types of nose surgery that you need to know about. If you have problems with the shape of your nose or often experience medical conditions related to that part of your face, you should just consult a doctor.